Note: With so many format errors, we decided to reprint and repost this article as a tribute to the Kid. "Fair disclosure" is in effect here, infringement is not intended and no commercial profit gained in republishing this piece. Celso Ad Castillo was born on September 12, 1943, he died November 26, 2012 on apparent heart attack. During that time, he was reportedly working on his autobiography, which was released last year and promoted by his son, Christopher Castillo.
"As a child, he had the second-run theater circuit in downtown Manila as playground; his first "playmates" were King Kong, Suzie Wong and Gene Kelly. "I could barely understand American slang, but I was mesmerized by the light and shadows, the framing, the composition, the rhythm, the editing," recalls acclaimed filmmaker Celso Ad. Castillo. Before young Celso even started school, his father Dominador had taken him to watch Hollywood movies "from MGM musicals to Elia Kazan" dramas.
"He was a film buff," recounts Direk Celso, known as The Kid of Philippine Movies. "My aunt and uncles were also crazy about movies." Dominador, who was also a lawyer, komiks novelist and producer for Larry Santiago Productions, was hesitant to allow young Celso to join show business. Teenaged Celso protested that he was merely following in his father's footsteps. Dominador had created the classic komiks heroine "Cofradia," immortalized by Gloria Romero in the Sampaguita film version in 1953 and Gina Alajar in the 1970s.
Like father... - "I started out as a komiks illustrator," Celso relates. "I'm also fond of drawing." He eventually wrote the komiks novels "Tartaro," "Vampira" and "Palalong Kuba." After all, he notes, stories about dragons, mermaids and vampires were "part of my childhood memories." He acknowledges that his komiks sojourn primed him for filmmaking: "It taught me how to visualize the frame." Yes, komiks panels were the first storyboards for this English Literature graduate. "Komiks also taught me how to choose commercially viable projects."
From there, Celso, at the tender age of 18, crossed over to the movies as scriptwriter. "I started by doing spoofs of James Bond films. For Chiquito, I wrote "James Bandong, Secret Agent 02-10." For Dolphy, "Dr. Yes." VM Cinematic Films took notice because these movies had done very well at the tills. "VM gave me my first break, "Misyong Mapanganib" in 1965. It starred Tito Galla, Ruby Regala, and Helen Gamboa in her first starring role," Celso says. "Local movies" whiz kid was also a law student at the time. "My father allowed me to direct only because I promised to continue my law studies."
Potboilers - He churned out six potboilers, one after the other, among them "Zebra Jungle Girl" with Ruby Regala and "Mansanas sa Paraiso" with Stella Suarez. He admits that, inevitably, both his legal and film endeavors suffered. "I was flunking in school and my first seven movies were half-baked. I had to make a choice." Celso's gambit yielded his first critical success, "Nympha," a black-and-white bomba film starring Rizza. "I wanted to prove that sex films could be artistic if they didn't offend the sensibilities and intelligence of moviegoers," he explains. The cache brought about by "Nympha" allowed him to make "The Virgin," again with Rizza. "[It was] my first avant-garde movie," he remembers fondly. "Eighty percent of the film had no dialogue. The story was told through ballads."
Alas, "The Virgin" wasn't as profitable as "Nympha." With candor, he says, "It was a big flop. It was ahead of its time. Moviegoers were stumped "they couldn't understand why no one was talking!" The indie maverick then surprised the industry by plunging head first into the mainstream. After megging "Ang Gangster at ang Birhen" (with Dante Rivero and Hilda Koronel) for Lea Productions, Celso caught the eye of Fernando Poe Jr.
Da King's Direk - "At 26, I was directing the King of Philippine movies," he reminisces with pride. "Asedillo," his first outing with Da King, was not just a box-office smash; it also won a Famas Best Actor trophy for FPJ in 1972. "That movie started our collaboration. In a span of two years, we made three more movies: "Santo Domingo," "Ang Alamat" and "Esteban." Working with Da King, Celso felt obliged to prove his worth because, "You had to earn his respect."
After those four action movies, Celso was itching for another change of pace. "I wanted to go freelance to do my kind of movies, innovative and experimental films that are commercial at the same time." His next gambit, "Ang Mahiwagang Daigdig ni Pedro Penduko," starring Ramon Zamora, hit the jackpot as well. "I never wanted to be boxed in one genre. So I followed up the fantasy movie "Penduko" with a kung-fu flick, "Return of the Dragon," also with Ramon. I also made a zombie film with Alona Alegre entitled "Kung Bakit Dugo ang Kulay ng Gabi."
In 1974, he crafted the horror hit "Patayin Mo sa Sindak si Barbara," for FPJ's wife, Susan Roces. They followed it up with "Maligno," for which Susan won Famas Best Actress in 1978. Celso says, "When it was first shown, people didn't know what to make of "Maligno." But I recently caught it on cable. I almost cried at the end. It was surreal and grotesque." By then, Celso had become the master of the unexpected. After casting sweet Sampaguita star Susan in gothic tales, he re-imagined Miss Universe Gloria Diaz into "Ang Pinakamagandang Hayop sa Balat ng Lupa," in 1975.
Wet Look - Celso wistfully describes "Hayop" as "the killer" because it started the "wet look trend and single-handedly demolished the predominantly macho star system." He remembers that, before "Hayop," female stars were mere "adornment" in local movies. "Pang-display. "Hayop" [changed that]." He continued to give prominence to women in his films, most notably "Burlesk Queen," an entry in the 1977 Metro Manila Film Festival. "That movie created a furor at the film fest," he says. "Furor" is really an understatement.
"Burlesk" swept the awards in that year's MMFF, resulting in a controversy that led to the wholesale return of trophies. In spite of the scandal, "Burlesk" is still regarded by critics as the "quintessential" Filipino film. "Hinamon ni Brocka si Tinio ng suntukan (Lino Brocka dared Rolando Tinio to a fight)," Celso remembers. "Tinio, who was the head of the jury, heralded "Burlesk" as the most beautiful Filipino film past, present and future."
Gloria Diaz agrees: "Not too many people [would appreciate] his style [of filmmaking]. He's a no-nonsense guy kasi. I consider myself lucky that I got to work with the best." In "Burlesk" and "Pinakamagandang Hayop," as in all his films, Celso challenged his stars to improvise, "not to stick to the script [and] say the lines... from the hearts."
Love Letter - In the case of "Burlesk," that's because it was, for him, a love letter to his youth. "That was about my adolescence. I was a regular in Clover, Inday Theater, Grand Opera House. I watched Canuplin and Bayani Casimiro. I witnessed both the peak and the decline of bodabil," he remarks. If there's a common thread in his 61 movies, he points out, it's that each one seeks to capture on film "a time of transition."
He expounds: "Burlesk" was about the end of the bodabil era; "Pagputi," the Huk movement; "Ang Alamat ni Julian Makabayan," the Philippine revolution. Coincidentally "Julian Makabayan" signaled Celso's own personal transformation. "In 1983, I attended the Asean Film Festival in Malaysia, where "Julian" was an entry. In my brief stay there, I discovered Islam. Six years later, I returned to Malaysia, to convert."
Islam, he says, allowed him to "mellow and discover myself. Islam is a tough religion. Perfect for the hard-headed." The serenity that he thus found can be gleaned from his subsequent choice of address: Siniloan, Laguna, location for his major works. He waxes poetic here: "Siniloan was where I was born. That place has everything, ricefields, mountains, rivers." Nowadays, he spends most of his time in his chestnut farm there. At the time of this conversation (just before the recent holidays) he is ready to harvest. "I'm always busy with something," he insists.
Ron, however, points out that the Celso book project has evolved into a "documentary." "The scope is too wide, especially in the context of 1970s Filipino cinema," Ron explains. He hails Celso as a true vanguard of "the indie spirit." "He made inventive films on a shoestring budget." Coming full circle, Celso is now tinkering with digital technology, with two indie movies in the works "Sanib 2" and "OFW."
The technology is new, but trust Celso to rely on the same "improvisational" tricks with his actors. "OFW" actor Coco Martin says he finds The Kid's method exciting. "On the set, we keep improving the dialogue. It's a different experience. Direk Celso is so cool!" Proof that Direk Celso is hip and happening still can very well rest in the fact that his old films are continuously being remade on both the big and small screens.
After "Pedro Penduko," his "Patayin sa Sindak si Barbara" and "Maligno" have been turned into teleseryes by ABS-CBN 2. His "Pinakamagandang Hayop" has also been snapped up by GMA 7. If you ask him, reviving his old movies is the ultimate tribute. As bonus, his 1984 film "Snake Sisters" has been picked up by British firm Mondo Macabro for DVD distribution abroad.
Dream Project - Says critic Pete Tombs of Mondo Macabro: "I think he's one of the most visually gifted filmmakers to come out of the Philippines. A true original." Celso is positive, "I'm far from slowing down. I'm more aggressive now. My goal is to make an international movie soon!"
That dream project would be "Where Willows Grow," which is set in the Land Down Under and tells the story of a Filipino mail-order bride who becomes the prime suspect in the murder of her Australian husband. "My wish," he concludes, "is for my films to transcend their ethnic origin and merge with different cultures of the world." - Bayani San Diego Jr., Philippine Daily Inquirer, 29 January 2008 (READ MORE)